TITLE :A STUDY OF POLITICAL DIMENSIONS OF WELFARE OF WEAKER SECTIONS IN PANCHAYATI RAJ SYSTEM IN INDIA
ABSTRACT :Fulfilling the essential needs of Indian population which include food, clothing and shelter was chief need of Indian Government just after independence. To keep this in notice, several measures were taken by national policy makers to alleviate poor people of rural regions. Empowerment of people through self governance and planning was although initiated nearly five decades earlier, although 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992 (CAA) brought a remarkable transform in decentralisation process of power in the direction of grass root level and local people’s contribution both in the process of plans and policy formulation as well as implementation. The aim of recent study is to explore either the CAA, 1992 is efficient in providing assurance, continuity and strength to Panchayati Raj System (PRS) for welfare of weaker sections of society through decentralization or not. Through PRS at village, block and district level, three-tier system is developed at village, block and district level and a uniform election at all levels and all seats and indirect elections of chairpersons at top and intermediate level is assured. Both for election of members and chairpersons of PRS reservation on rotational basis is assured for SC’s and ST’s in proportion to their population. For omen also one third of seats are reserved. In recent work participation of weaker sections in PRS in Haryana in general and in village Panchayats of Adaipur in Mahendragarh District in particular as a case study. After than the political participation of weaker sections are discussed. Finally the procedure of welfare activities for weaker sections through the PRS has been discussed.
Keywords:Panchayati Raj System, Constitutional Amendment, Weaker Sections, Self Governance.
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